The facial nerve normally emits electrical impulses to give muscles their tone and shape. When the facial nerve is damaged the muscle no longer receives these messages and as a result the muscles become weak and floppy. External electrical stimulation can try and mimic these electrical impulses and help restore muscle tone.
Facial electronic muscle stimulation may rejuvenate aging, wrinkled or sagging skin. However, these claims have not been proved by the FDA. Electronic muscle stimulation, or EMS, is the practice of stimulating specific muscles through electric current.
Electrical Stimulation. Other facial exerciser types are ones that use electrical stimulation to improve the appearance of facial muscles. These electrical exercisers do not move the skin, but instead target the muscle underneath. However, these exercisers can be concerning because they can . Electrical stimulation for facial muscles is usually reserved for treatment of serious health issues like nerve paralysis or Bell’s palsy. Despite claims to the contrary, positive effects from using electrical stimulation for cosmetic or anti-aging purposes don’t have any scientific backing as yet.
Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation. Called NMES or a Faradic treatment this type of electrical facial stimulates the muscles. An alternating current is sent through the skin which actually causes the muscles to contract. This treatment can also be done on the body to target other muscles in need of stimulation.